COPA stands for Costing-based Profitability Analysis, a tool that allows companies to analyze their profitability by different segments, such as products, customers, regions, etc. SAP S/4 HANA offers two approaches of COPA: account-based and costing-based. The main difference between them is that account-based COPA uses the general ledger as the single source of truth, while costing-based COPA uses a separate data model that can be customized with different valuation methods and characteristics.
This document provides an overview of profitability analysis (COPA) in SAP S/4HANA. It compares account-based, costing-based, and combined COPA approaches. Advantages of costing-based COPA include flexibility, additional planning features, and using separate tables. S/4HANA enhancements make account-based COPA advantageous with capabilities like cost component splits. A combined approach integrates with FI to avoid reconciliation issues. Examples demonstrate mapping of costs, revenue conditions, order entries, and reporting for each approach.
- Introduction to COPA for profitability analysis
- Types of COPA – account-based, costing-based, combined
- Comparison of account-based and costing-based approaches
- SAP S/4HANA changes impacting COPA
- Advantages of account-based COPA in S/4HANA
- Examples of mapping costs, revenue, orders for each approach
- Reporting and analytics capabilities for each approach
- Conclusion on recommended COPA approach for S/4HANA